As I mentioned in a previous post, each verb in Hebrew depends on a number of factors and varies according to them.
The first factor: 1st, 2nd or 3rd person.
The second factor: singular / plural
The third factor: masculine / feminine
Today, we're going to take it step by step, and talk about 1st person, singular. This applies to masculine and feminine forms.
"Normal" verbs, consisting of three root letters, will almost always fit the following formula:
How do you say the verb in future tense, 1st person, singular?
שורש הפועל Root verb
10. ג.ר.ד (scratched)
11. פ.ר.ח (to bloom, usually about flowers but not only)
18. ש.פ.ר (to improve someone or something)
19. ב.ע.ט (to kick)
21. ל.ח.צ (to press)
22. ל.ח.ש (to whisper)
Now, some verbs (not many) have 4 root letters. In that case, we will use the formula by adding all 4 root letters.
ש.ק.ש.ק ---> אשקשק (I will rattle in fear / I will shake a drink)
כ.ד.ר.ר (to dribble)
ב.ל.ב.ל (to confuse)
ש.ח.ר.ר (to release)
ג.ל.ג.ל (to roll)
ק.ל.ק.ל (to spoil)
צ.ל.צ.ל (to call on the phone)
There are a few exceptions. We'll call them "abnormal forms".
1. Verbs beginning with the letter Yod ("י").
2. Verbs that need a "Vav" ("ו") before the last root letter.
3. Verbs that are in a reflexive derived stem (bin-yan hit-pa-el בניין התפעל)
4. Verbs that are in a different, active derived stem (bin-yan hif-il בניין הפעיל)
Now, let's see how each of these "abnormal forms" works.